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Changes to these small interactions are significant, and paying attention to the wording of positive reinforcement has been shown to make a difference The Langley Group, A study of praise conducted by Elizabeth Hurlock found it a more effective classroom motivator than punishment regardless of age, gender, or ability.
The following video summarizes the innovative ways schools are incorporating positive education into their curriculum. The tenets of positive psychology have been used to create several teaching techniques proven to be effective in several ways. Here are just a sample of some ways to incorporate this model into any classroom or school system.
One of these is the jigsaw classroom, a technique in which students are split into groups based on shared skills and competencies. Each student is assigned a different topic and told to find students from other groups who were given the same topic. The result is that each group has a set of students with different strengths, collaborating to research the same topic.
The influence of positive psychology has even extended to classroom dynamics. In positive psychology-influenced curricula, more power is given to the students in choosing their own curriculum and students are given responsibility from a much younger age. In these types of classroom settings, students are often treated differently when it comes to praise and discipline. In , Canadian-American journalist Paul Tough wrote a book called How Children Succeed , in which he argued that possessing inborn intelligence and academic competency is not enough for students to succeed in school.
Instead, he argued that grit, resilience , and other character traits should receive a greater emphasis in schools. Doing so leads to better near-term academic performance in students. Teachers model positive behavior, call out positive examples of the character traits in action and discuss the traits openly and explicitly.
Even critics of KIPP agree that calling attention to character and positive psychology in schools is a step in the right direction. The Bounce Back program is targeted to upper primary and lower secondary students since adolescence is a critical period of change and stress for students.see url
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This concept is summarized by their video below:. Bounce Back addresses two key areas: the environmental factors that build up psychological capital and the personal coping skills that the students can learn, the importance of which has been highlighted by many researchers such as Seligman , Reivich and Shatte , and Barbara Fredrickson What Noble and McGrath did was to provide a series of practical, day-to-day school activities that helped students feel connected to their peers, school, and the community.
To help students develop coping skills, the Bounce Back curriculum provides resources and suggestions for teachers and exercises for pupils. Bounce Back provides practical tools such as a Responsibility Pie Chart, which guides children to realize that all negative situations are a combination of three factors: their own behavior, the behavior of others, and random events.
These principles have proven useful for other client groups. Participants in Possibility Place, a program for boosting resilience and confidence in the long-term unemployed, found the responsibility pie chart very useful in preventing people from berating themselves for things that were not their fault and learning to understand what they could do to resolve the situation.
Bounce Back is a wonderful example of how positive psychology research can be transmuted into tools to help people flourish. In any given school year, approximately , students are expelled from U. Many of these students will be forced to leave their school for an entire academic year, while some others will be barred from ever attending a public school in their state. Nearly 3 million U. Considering how many days of school and learning are lost to expulsions and suspensions, some school administrators are starting to rethink those methods.
Many educators now think these disciplinary measures are unlikely to help children learn from their mistakes or prevent repeat behavior once the offending students are back in school. Some argue that these punishments further alienate these children physically and emotionally from their peers, only making them more likely to repeat harmful behavior. An alternative method, called restorative practices, is championed by some as an improvement upon the expulsion and suspension model.
The Venn Diagram offers a visual as to how these parties intersect. The idea behind restorative practices is to focus on that effect when pursuing disciplinary action. In a traditional disciplinary setting, the teacher might ask Maria to stop talking or give her a time-out. In a more extreme case, like a student provoking and participating in a fight, the restorative practice would be more formal.
The child would participate in a meeting with other students and adult leaders in the school. Together, they would discuss what spurred the student to start the fight, how it affected the others involved, and what the student might do instead if he or she was in a similar situation in the future.
The student might also be assigned activities or programs that would help prevent further fights. As discussed in this profile on restorative practice in Edweek , a California middle-schooler named Danny went through a similar process. The data on restorative practices show promising results. Lots of studies have been done on positive education and its potential impacts. Here are some summaries of research findings on positive education. Sheila M. It promoted the development of positive institutions, and it made students more successful.
Researchers established that positive education interventions had a more lasting impact on changing student behavior than other methods. In another study, researchers followed students aged who completed a minute timetabled lesson on the skills of wellbeing every two weeks for two years Green, The results showed that the students were able to gain a full understanding of what factors helped them thrive and flourish.
Positive psychology interventions that are used in positive education include identifying and developing strengths, cultivating gratitude, and visualizing best possible selves Seligman et al. A meta-analysis conducted by Sin and Lyubomirksy with 4, participants found that positive psychology interventions do increase happiness and decrease depressive symptoms significantly. Positive education benefits teachers, too.
It makes it easier for teachers to engage with students and persist in the work they need to do master their academic material Fisher, Research has shown that goals associated positively with optimism resulted in a highly motivated student Fadlelmula, This study showed that motivation may be consistent and long-term if it is always paired with positive psychology interventions.
Results from 19 controlled studies of the Penn Resiliency Program found that students in the program were more optimistic, resilient, and hopeful.
Stone as the Family Achievement Center and a year later convened the first ever national conference on child abuse prevention. Contact details. Donation information Press contact. Chief Development Officer.
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Watch our video. Melissa Merrick. Alina Birenyte. Kelly Crane. Kathryn Harding. Bart Klika. Marissa Morabito. Catherine Murphy. Charles Mutscheller. Anita Odom. Olivia Padilla. Sue Pence. Rob Reid. David Simon.
Kathleen Strader. Thirty short inspirational stories are divided into six character traits courage, creativity, kindness, persistence, resilience, and responsibility , and feature kids facing adversity from bullying in an American middle school to surviving persecution in the war-torn streets of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Find education and teaching stories, inspirational quotes and sayings. We are adding new Bible stories as well as related activity pages and resources on a regular basis. In it, a high school senior is driving her car when she starts to be harassed by. In addition to stories about Socrates's strange character, the Symposium provides details regarding his physical appearance. Develop some good strategies for standing up to them. See more ideas about Teaching, Teaching reading and Middle school. Here are 27 moral stories for kids, which can teach them vital life lessons while nurturing their imaginations.
He was wrapped in a shawl. Trying to get out of the rain, the couple approached the front desk hoping to get some shelter for the night.
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Diversity lesson plans and activities for teachers at the middle school level. The whole school talked about how you two were an item. The mouse, though quite scared, was courageous enough to offer help. Eventually, I hope these pages will become a teaching resource. Middle School Grades On this page you will find videos of children's short stories in Spanish! These videos include Listening Activities, some with the Spanish transcript, English translation, and questions which will test your understanding of the short story.
One day, Pam's cousin came to meet her at school.